Defined in tensorflow/python/ops/

See the guide: Math > Reduction

Computes the sum of elements across dimensions of a tensor. (deprecated arguments)

SOME ARGUMENTS ARE DEPRECATED. They will be removed in a future version. Instructions for updating: keep_dims is deprecated, use keepdims instead

Reduces input_tensor along the dimensions given in axis. Unless keepdims is true, the rank of the tensor is reduced by 1 for each entry in axis. If keepdims is true, the reduced dimensions are retained with length 1.

If axis has no entries, all dimensions are reduced, and a tensor with a single element is returned.

For example:

x = tf.constant([[1, 1, 1], [1, 1, 1]])
tf.reduce_sum(x)  .html# 6
tf.reduce_sum(x, 0)  .html# [2, 2, 2]
tf.reduce_sum(x, 1)  .html# [3, 3]
tf.reduce_sum(x, 1, keepdims=True)  .html# [[3], [3]]
tf.reduce_sum(x, [0, 1])  .html# 6


  • input_tensor: The tensor to reduce. Should have numeric type.
  • axis: The dimensions to reduce. If None (the default), reduces all dimensions. Must be in the range [-rank(input_tensor), rank(input_tensor)).
  • keepdims: If true, retains reduced dimensions with length 1.
  • name: A name for the operation (optional).
  • reduction_indices: The old (deprecated) name for axis.
  • keep_dims: Deprecated alias for keepdims.


The reduced tensor, of the same dtype as the input_tensor.

Numpy Compatibility

Equivalent to np.sum appart the fact that numpy upcast uint8 and int32 to int64 while tensorflow returns the same dtype as the input.